Dahe Daily · Yu Video Reporter Zheng Chao
As a key group of mothers, how to deal with the new crown?How to use medicine after infection?Which can be eaten?Under what circumstances should you seek medical treatment?Will it be transmitted to the fetus after infection?What should I do if newborns infection?
In response to the above -mentioned questions, on December 13, a reporter from the Dahe Daily · Yu Video interviewed Zhang Qing, the dean of the Maternity and Gynecology Hospital of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, and sorted out 10 questions to answer them in detail.
1. How should pregnant women prevent new crowns?
① Preparation of basic diseases, it is best to adjust it before preparing to get pregnant;
② vaccination vaccine in time;
③ Scientifically wear masks, wash your hands frequently, ventilate in the room, reduce gathering, and maintain a reasonable social distance;
④ You can reserve and disinfect items and related drugs in an appropriate amount at home;
⑤ On the premise of scientific and reasonable prevention of new crowns and their own monitoring, there are no special circumstances without considering the application of preventing drugs.
2. Some people in the family in the family are infected with the new crown. How can pregnant women deal with?
① Try to use the bedrooms and bathrooms alone as much as possible to reduce the frequency of their entry into public space, maintain the distance from the infected person at least two meters and wear a mask.
② After contacting the infected person or its direct environment, do your hand hygiene, try not to contact the body fluid and secretions of the infected person, and you should wear gloves as much as possible when you have to contact.
③ Try to take care of and contact infection in other family members as much as possible. For those who have vaccinated the vaccine throughout the process and have no severe risk factors, they are responsible for taking care of and pay attention to pollution protection.Wash your hands with soap or alcoholic handwashing immediately, then take off the mask and hygienic again.
④ In the case of good protection measures, clean and disinfection share space and the surface that are often exposed to, open the window to ensure good ventilation at home.
3. What kind of medicine should pregnant women take after the new crown?
At present, most of the popular Omikon is asymptomatic and mild. For asymptomatic women during pregnancy, do a good job of isolation protection and monitor the development of the disease. Generally speaking, do not need to be treated.Medicine.
Infecting pregnant women should first rest, drink plenty of water, eat less and eat, and ensure nutritional needs.
For mild pregnant women, it is not recommended to take medicine blindly.
If only fever and cough and have no breathing, most of the homes can be 2 weeks; for the symptoms, such as fever, dry throat, sore throat, nasal congestion, runny nose, etc.Drug relief symptoms, or prescribe medicine in time.
4. What are the suggestions for pregnant women?
Fever, headache, sore throat-available: acetaminophen; not available: ibuprofen.
Cough, sputum-edible honey and hard sugar; unused in the early pregnancy: You Meishafen, more gly glycerin ether (need to follow the doctor’s advice in the middle and late pregnancy);
Nasal congestion, runny nose-available: physiological saline, sea saline nasal spray; not available: pseudohadine compound preparations, paraceline, hydroxymetholine.
Allergy-available: chlororrhopine, Simetlizine; follow-up of doctors: phenyllaming, chlorophenicamin.
Diarrhea-can be used to lust and oral salt salts.
Other medical equipment-essential: electronic thermometer; preparation according to demand: self-test kit.
5. Do pregnant women need to seek medical treatment after the new crown is infected?
Whether you need to go to the hospital for pregnancy during pregnancy is divided into obstetrics and non -production factors.
① Abnormal vaginal bleeding, vaginal fluid, abdominal pain, etc.;
② Sudden headache, increased blood pressure, abnormal fetal movement, etc.;
③ There are signs of childbirth during the third trimester.
Non -produced factors:
① The fever time is long or the body temperature is high, exceeding 39 ° C, or fever occurs after the symptoms improve;
② Headache, ear pain, sinus pain, severe throat pain, and no improvement after symptomatic treatment;
③ Difficulty breathing, breathing, purple lips, chest pain, or heartbeat accelerated;
④ Severe nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain;
⑤ Nasal congestion, runny nose, cough for more than 10 days without relief or nasal congestion, runny nose, cough seriously affect daily life such as sleep rest;
⑥ Other concerns of worry or not.
For medical treatment, contact the community in a timely manner or isolation and observation point in time, and go to the hospital for examination in time.If necessary, contact 120 ambulances to take a closed -loop method to the hospital to ensure the safety of pregnant women.
6. Will pregnant women be transmitted to newborns after the new crown?
Recently, many domestic and foreign studies have shown that the probability of spreading new coronal viruses in the palace is low (
The body fluids, blood and secretions infected with the new coronary virus pregnant women, etc., found that the test results of the new coronal virus of the new coronary virus of their blood and feces were positive, but most of the vaginal secretions, milk, placenta, amniotic fluid, and neonatal umbilical cord blood test resultsAll negative.
So far, there is still lack of sufficient evidence in domestic and foreign research to support reports that the new coronary virus can spread directly through the placenta.
Although there are currently no new coronary viruses, the spread of maternal and baby placenta, but because the children born of the new crown pregnant women lack antibodies against the new coronary virus, the new coronary virus can spread through the respiratory tract and contact, so the new crown pregnant woman may be during childbirth., Causing their own secretions or blood to enter the fetus, causing a new type of coronary virus infection in the fetus.
In addition, even if the mother could not transmit the new crown to the child, in the process of contacting the outside world, if preventive measures are not carried out, it may be infected by the new type of coronary virus in the outside world.
7. What should we pay attention to when pregnant women infected with new crowns?
Existing evidence shows that the vertical spread of the new coronary virus is very low, and most newborn infection is derived from the infected caregivers.
Vaginal delivery does not increase the risk of new crown virus infections perinatal. Therefore, asymptomatic or mild new crown infection of pregnant women’s childbirth and childbirth methods must be determined according to obstetric indicators. It is not recommended to reduce the risk of virus transmission through cesarean section.But it is still recommended to wear a mask correctly before childbirth, during childbirth, and postpartum.
Although the new coronal virus infection does not be used as a indicator of cesarean section, pregnant women infection in the new coronal virus may increase the risk of compromise such as preliminary epilepsy/eclampsia and other obstetrics.Increase the cesarean section of pregnant women.
8. Can pregnant women be breastfeed after the new crown production?
Whether the new coronal virus will spread to the baby through milk, there is currently no sufficient evidence. Based on the existing research, the risk seems very low.
If the mother is infected with COVID-19 or vaccinated the new crown vaccine, the baby may consume antibodies and cause passive immune to the baby because breast milk contains the mother’s antibody and other antibody infection factors.But be alert to the risk of droplets, hand and breast contact.
The maternal infected with the new coronal virus, it is recommended to squeeze out the breast milk.You need to wear a mask before squeezing the breast milk, wash your hands strictly, and do a good job of breast hygiene. After the milk suction, the breast pump should be standardized and disinfected.If you breastfeed directly, you should wear a mask when you contact your baby, and pay attention to your hands and breast hygiene.
9. After pregnant women are infected with new crowns, how to prevent transmitted to newborns?
After the fetus is delivered, the new crown virus is to be used to block and spread. First of all, dry the body of the newborn as soon as possible. The second is to leave the delivery room as soon as possible. This may have a risk of infection.Members pay attention to wearing the N95 mask. Do not leave the newborn alone in the room, and need to monitor the situation of the newborn closely.
10. What should I do if the newborn is infected?
For the infected newborns, you should try to handle physical cooling, such as bathing, rubbing baths, etc., but do not wipe the newborn body with alcohol. In addition, you need to strengthen care and feed water and replenishment in time.
Parents can use warm water towels to wipe their foreheads, necks, palms, feet, etc.
It is particularly reminded that newborn medicines are very professional. Parents cannot use drugs without authorization. If they encounter serious situations, they must consult a doctor. If necessary, go to the newborn or pediatrics in time.
If the child is an asymptomatic infection, parents can pay attention to health monitoring, and no special treatment is required.Be sure to keep the indoor air fresh, ventilate the air regularly. The pacifiers, bottle, tableware, etc. used can be disinfected by boiling. Boil for more than half an hour or high temperature steam for 5 minutes, or the material that is not heat -resistant can be wiped with alcohol.
In addition, newborn babies should avoid the closure and air -circulating public places or places where people gather; reduce visitors at home, pay attention to ventilation, clean and disinfection.When the caregiver is exposed to the newborn, he must strictly hand hygiene. Pay attention to wearing a mask to avoid exhaling or kissing your baby to the newborn, reducing close contact and droplet transmission.
Source: Dahe Daily · Yu Video Editor: Zheng Chao