The pelvic restoration in the postpartum rehabilitation plan is a very important part. Whether it is a smooth birth or a cesarean section, the pregnancy process will affect the pelvis to varying degrees.Several issues that mothers are most concerned about in postpartum rehabilitation are pain, dysfunction, and posture.
1. Common type of pain
Several pains commonly used during pregnancy or postpartum are pelvic pain, low back pain, cervical pain, wrist pain, etc.
Among them, the pain of the pelvis refers to the pain between the posterior iliac spine to the hip groove. Especially near the sacroiliac joint, the pain can be radiated to the back of the thigh, and the pain is combined with the pubic bone at the same time or occurs alone on the pubic bone.The pubic bone is separated, the sacroiliac joints and the surrounding tissues are abnormal, which causes persistent pain and dysfunction in the pelvic area. The probability of these two diseases is 76.7%and 57.2%, respectively.
2. The period when pain appears
About 56-72%of the prenatal women during pregnancy and pelvic band pain during pregnancy, 20%of people have severe symptoms during the 20-30 weeks of pregnancy; pelvic pains have a higher incidence among women in pregnancy, 33- 33-50%of pregnant women will have pain in pelvic bands before 20 weeks of pregnancy, and can even reach 60-70%in the later pregnancy.
With the continuous increase of the mother’s belly during pregnancy, the gravity vertical line of the human body will eventually change.In a good posture, the human center of gravity is at the position of the sacrum, and as the abdomen increases (during pregnancy), the center of gravity will move forward, resulting in the center of gravity appearing in the uterine position, or the united position of the pubic bone.
After giving birth to a child, a large number of people still have the center of gravity without returning to the sacrum position, so a large part of people will protrude from the abdomen and internal organs.Common postpartum mothers will have constipation, abdominal pain, long time of time, and uterine fibroids after production.The emergence of these dysfunction is closely changing the center of gravity.
1. Getting upper body
As the abdomen gradually moves forward, the pelvis and lumbar spine will gradually lean forward and move forward, and the thoracic and thoracic spine will gradually move backwards. Some of the postpartum mothers’ cervical spine will move forward accordingly.That is, the neck is extended, and then the upper body is formed.In addition, abnormalities such as high and low shoulders, long legs, ribs, and fake hips.
2. Pelvic disorders
The pelvis is the base of the human body and the cornerstone of the entire spine. The disorder of the pelvis will have a decisive impact on the structural mechanics of the entire spine.Natural repair, etc., depend on the mechanical balance of the pelvis.From pregnancy to childbirth, women’s pelvis has undergone tremendous changes, pelvis becomes bigger and wider, sacroiliac joint disorders, and unprecedented pubcts. This series of problems will directly affect the speed of postpartum repair and the effectiveness of overall rehabilitation.Therefore, the assessment and correction of the pelvis are definitely the core and foundation of postpartum rehabilitation.