Abstract: Rhinitis is inflammation of the nasal mucosal inflammation caused by virus, bacteria, allergens, various physiotherapy factors, and certain systemic diseases.
Every spring, nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, etc., all causes headaches for patients with rhinitis.
Relieve nasal congestion, runny nose, and give nasal ventilation. Patients with rhinitis should actively treat rhinitis.
There are many types of rhinitis. Different types of rhinitis have different clinical manifestations, characteristics, and treatment methods. For example, they can be classified according to the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations.According to the length of the rhinitis, it can be divided into two types: acute rhinitis and chronic rhinitis.
So what are the symptoms of acute and chronic rhinitis?
1. Acute rhinitis
Acute rhinitis can manifest the symptoms of "cold", that is, infectious rhinitis, patients with acute upper respiratory tract infections may experience symptoms such as sneezing, flowing nose, nose and nasal congestion.Symptoms can also be recovered.
2. Chronic rhinitis
Chronic rhinitis can be caused by acute rhinitis. Chronic rhinitis can usually be divided into chronic simplicity rhinitis and chronic hypertrophic rhinitis. Among them, patients with chronic and simple rhinitis may have symptoms such as alternating nose and runny nose.Most patients can have different degrees of control and relieving the effect after drug treatment, and chronic hypertrophic rhinitis can be manifested as persistent nasal congestion and decreased smell. The drug treatment effect is generally not good, and surgical treatment can be appropriately performed.
In addition, rhinitis can also be classified according to the cause, which can be divided into allergic rhinitis and non -allergic rhinitis.
Allergic rhinitis can cause symptoms such as continuous sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, nasal itching, cough, etc. After inhalation of allergens, the symptoms can last for several days or months.The symptoms of non -allergic rhinitis mainly include nasal congestion, runny nose, decreased smell, etc., sometimes accompanied by symptoms of nasal pharyngeal, such as cough, sputum, itching, etc., or some can cause vascular dilatation caused by rhinitis stimulation, etc.Essence
So what are the non -allergic rhinitis?
1. Elotic rhinitis
Vascular rhinitis is due to various external stimuli and nerve endocrine disorders, that is, dysfunction such as sympathetic and paranexical nerve nerve, which causes nasal mucosa vascular dilation and hyperthyroid glandular secretion.Vascular motor rhinitis is mainly manifested as symptoms such as nasal congestion, nasal leakage, and sneezing.
2. Pharmaceutic rhinitis
Drug rhinitis is due to long -term and excessive nasal abuse of blood decreases or other drugs, causing nasal mucosa inflammation reactions.Drug rhinitis is mostly caused by inappropriate use of drugs, and symptoms such as nasal congestion mainly occur. At night, it is heavier than daytime. After the activity, it can be relieved. As the number of reduced use of the blood decrease, the nasal congestion will gradually increase.
3. Atrophic rhinitis
Atrophic rhinitis is a slow -occurring diffuse, carbonic nasal atrophic lesions.Patients with atrophic rhinitis are prone to nasal atrophy, dry nose, headache, bleeding and other symptoms, including dry rhinitis, dry nasal cavity, and bleeding.
4. Pregnancy rhinitis
Pregnancy rhinitis, also known as vascular dialectic rhinitis. Due to the changes in hormone in the body during pregnancy, the nasal mucosal reaction caused by the cause of the nasal vascular dilatation and tissue edema, and rhinitis occurs.Pregnancy rhinitis can be manifested as symptoms such as nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose.
5. Professional rhinitis
Professional rhinitis is mainly related to the working environment and the physical and chemical factors of contact, which can be caused by inhalation of dust or irritating gases.Most patients can induce nasal inflammatory substances in the work contact, such as gases such as sulfuric acid and hydrogen fluoride, and professional rhinitis patients often experience symptoms such as nasal bleeding, sneezing, runny nose, and nasal congestion nose.
The treatment of rhinitis is often mainly based on drug therapy. When the symptoms of drug treatment have not improved, or chronic sinusitis, nasal polyps, etc., surgical treatment can be considered.In addition, there are many types of rhinitis, and the treatment of different rhinitis is different. Therefore, it is necessary to actively treat the treatment according to the specific conditions of patients with rhinitis.
So how should I treat rhinitis according to different situations?
1. Acute stage treatment
Acute stage treatment is mainly to perform symptoms and support treatment. Symptoms such as rhinitis with bacterial infections can be treated with corresponding antibiotics. Supporting treatment can allow patients with rhinitis to perform corresponding conditioning in daily life, such as drinking more water and maintaining stools.Freshly, pay attention to rest, stay away from allergens, etc.
2. Drug treatment
During the treatment of drugs, the nasal cavity can be used to use physiological saline spray. Local nasal jets such as internal nasal hormones such as Pidanid and bran acid mamong are reduced.Thunder and other anti -allergic treatment can be performed to relieve the nasal itching and sneezing symptoms of patients with allergic rhinitis. The use of antibro -alkaline such as isopylceticium bromide can reduce nasal secretion, and the use of leukene blockers such as Meng Lu StertSodium and other drugs are reduced in mucosal inflammation, or the use of hydroxyloline, such as hydroxyloline, etc., can be used to contraction in the nasal blood vessels to alleviate nasal congestion. At the same time, it is necessary to pay attention to dosage.
3. TCM treatment
In the treatment of Chinese medicine, you can use the corresponding Chinese medicine for tap and anti -inflammatory. If you can use traditional Chinese medicine such as Cangye, Xinyi and other traditional Chinese medicines, or take the nose Yuan Shukou solution, Cangei rhinitis drip pills, nose Yuan Tongqiao granules and other Chinese medicines for useAuxiliary therapy, as well as methods such as acupuncture, moxibustion, or massage therapy such as acupuncture, moxibustion, or massage therapy.
4. Surgical treatment
If the treatment of rhinitis is relatively ineffective, you can choose surgical treatment.Surgery and other surgery performed corresponding rhinitis.
Rhinitis is a common and multiple diseases of the upper respiratory tract. So what should I pay attention to in daily life?
1. Active prevention
Acute rhinitis respiratory virus infections often have self -healing, and chronic rhinitis needs to actively eliminate the pathogenic factor. Therefore, daily diet should be a light diet to avoid excessive fatigue, strengthen physical exercise, and improve the body’s immunity.
2. Far away from allergens
Reduce the allergens in the indoor or outdoor environment, keep the indoor and outdoor clean and tidy. For patients with allergic rhinitis in hair, it can reduce the contact of plush toys, reduce pet breeding, reduce carpet use, and reduce pollen allergies in the pollen seasonThe number of outing times, to wash your hands frequently, replace multiple ventilation, and actively carry out mite sterilization and sterilization of the living environment.
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Most rhinitis can easily bring inconvenience to life, so patients should actively treat treatment to relieve various symptoms of rhinitis.