What are the blood tests during pregnancy?

Check your heart and communicate more with your doctor

Good pregnancy, good helper

Pregnancy is a happy thing, but it is also accompanied by some troubles.For example, for some women who are afraid of injections and blood, things that are so terrible to draw blood appear so frequently in the pregnancy test items.

"Why do you want to draw blood?" Many expectant mothers will feel this in the process of checkup, that is, there are a lot of blood drawing items. After the entire production inspection, I have contributed a lot of "blood donation".What?What is the purpose of the inspection?

1. HCG blood test

In order to detect the accuracy of pregnancy, doctors generally recommend that blood HCG early pregnancy examination.Check the HCG value through the blood "quantitative". The HCG value is more sensitive and accurately responds to whether the urine can be more sensitive and accurately. The accuracy rate is more than 99%.In addition, for multiple pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, abnormal development of embryos, hydatidal, and certain endocrine diseases or tumors, the blood HCG value is combined with clinical situation and other examination results, and the correct judgment can be obtained through comprehensive analysis.HCG blood test requires an empty stomach.

2. Routine blood test

It is mainly used to determine whether pregnant mothers have anemia. Mild anemia will not have much effect on pregnant mothers and childbirth, but severe anemia may cause adverse consequences such as premature birth and low weight.

3. Blood type examination

In the early stages of pregnancy, blood types are usually drawn. This is easy to prevent neonatal hemolysis in time.The second is preparing for blood transfusion. Once pregnant women have early pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, pre -placenta, premature placental peeling, etc., and vaginal bleeding during childbirth, they may cause pregnant womenEssence

4. TORCH examination

Touch is often said that we often say that the virus is four, mainly including rubella virus, giant cell virus, toxoplasty, and herpes simplex virus.After pregnant women infected these viruses, they can pass through the placenta barrier to the fetus, which may cause severe congenital malformations and even abortion.Therefore, it is best to perform this test when preparing. Normally negative. If the examination is positive, you should be pregnant after treatment.Empty stomach is checked.

5. Liver function examination

This is mainly to check whether expectant mothers have diseases such as hepatitis, because pregnancy will aggravate the burden on the liver. If the liver function of the mother is abnormal, the first is to deal with the decline in the ability of the toxic waste material, causing the mother and fetal poisoning.The second is that the various proteins needed by the body cannot be produced, which affects the function of other organs.Third, due to the production of sufficient coagulation factor, major bleeding occurs at the time of delivery, which endangers mother’s health.In addition, there are many other functions that can be abnormal, leading to the corresponding lesion.Pay attention to the need for an empty stomach.

6. Tang’s screening

Tang’s screening is a test of the possibility of a screen detection of a fetus with the possibility of Tang’s syndrome. Generally, the Tang family screening is to extract the blood of two milliliters of pregnant women to detect the serum tire protein, velvetic gonadine, and the semiper gyanolThen, combined with the height, weight, age, and gestational week of pregnant women, the "Tang family" risk index was calculated. The best screening time was 15-20 weeks of pregnancy.

7. Pregnancy diabetes screening

Gestational diabetes refers to diabetes that occur during pregnancy without diabetes before pregnancy.Gestational diabetes can directly affect fetal development and increase the risk of huge children.Diabetic diabetes may also increase the chances of abortion, slow intrauterine development, deformity, huge child, low weight, etc., and can also cause multiple neonatal complications, such as biphampiology, respiratory distress syndrome, etc.EssenceTherefore, at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy, doctors will recommend gestational diabetes screening.It is best to eat lightly the day before making sugar sieves. Do not eat after 8 pm, let alone eat fruits and drinks with high sugar content, so as not to affect the test results.

Warm reminder: There are many blood testing projects during pregnancy, and some items have empty stomachs and other requirements. Therefore, pregnant mothers should communicate with the doctor of the delivery inspection, clearly record the precautions of the production inspection items, and avoid affecting the results of the inspection.

So, comprehensive:

Blood drawing in the early stages of pregnancy is mainly because the embryo is too small B -ultrasound. At this time, the blood drawing needs to test the basic progesterone and HCG to determine whether it is pregnant. At the same time, it is determined whether it is ectopic pregnancy and hydatidal tires. It is a routine examination.

Blood drawing in the early pregnancy was mainly used for the construction of the hospital. During the 12-14 weeks of pregnancy, the hospital’s archive test was performed, mainly including hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis A, liver and kidney function, AIDS, syphilis, to pregnant women, to pregnant womenThere is a basic understanding of various indicators, and probably requires about 10 blood tubes.

The screening of Tang’s syndrome needs to be detected with blood drawing, and at the same time, it is necessary to understand the function of the heart, liver and kidney; the screening of gestational diabetes requires the blood sugar test within the specified time to measure the concentration of blood sugar within the specified time.Most of the gestational diabetes screening is performed in the 24th weeks of pregnancy.

The blood drawing items during the above pregnancy are for the necessary inspections of the baby’s health. Please keep your mothers good at mentality, prepare psychological preparations, and greet them in the best state.

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