Jingchu culture is an important part of a long Chinese civilization.
The status in the history of the development of Chinese civilization is important.
Hubei is the birthplace of Jingchu culture
Historical heritage has a long history and profound cultural heritage.
After the discovery of Zenghou Yi in Suizhou, Hubei in 1978, he was shocked.
For more than forty years, the land has not loved the treasure, and Hua Zhang has reproduced it.
Zeng Guo’s archeology has continued to make new progress.
But more questions are surrounded by the minds of the world?
What country is "Zeng Guo"?
Since the Song Dynasty, "Zeng Hou Zhong", "Zeng Ji No shot pot", etc.
Many "Zeng" inscription bronze wares have been discovered one after another,
They show that there is a "Zeng Guo" closely related to the Chu State in the Zhou Dynasty.
However, these bronze wares are not discovered by science and archeology.
Lack of system archaeological information,
We cannot make us know Zeng Guo more deeply.
Two excavations after 2011 and 2013,
Archaeologists found 140 Zeng Guo tombs in Zengguo Cemetery, Yejiashan, Suizhou.
Three Zenghou was buried here.
A large number of bronze, lacquerware, jade wares and other cultural relics unearthed,
It reveals that Zeng Guo is a state -owned Nan Gong to seal the country.
Keep the important North -South passage with the jujube corridor,
It is an important vassal country that is divided into the Jianghan area.
In Yejiashan Cemetery,
Large scale 65, Tomb 28 and No. 111 are the core of the entire cemetery.
Many bronze wares with the inscriptions of "Zenghou" were unearthed.
The three tomb owners were Zeng Guojun in the early Western Zhou Dynasty.
This "three -legged" Tong Ding is popular in the late Shang Dynasty to the early Western Zhou Dynasty
Beast face is divided into crotch,
In the tomb of late Shangshang, Changcheng often appeared,
This tradition continues in the early Western Zhou Dynasty.
A pair of Zeng Houyu was unearthed in the tomb of Yejiashan No. 2 and the tomb of No. 28.
Its size, shape, and inscriptions are the same,
It should be cast in the same batch and is divided into different tombs.
The inside wall of the device is cast with an inscription: "Zeng Houzheng made Baoyi."
In the Yejiashan cemetery, more "Zeng Houzheng" was found in the device,
Zeng Houyu, unearthed from the Tomb 28 Tomb of Yejiashan, has a beautiful triple full pattern.
Rabbit -shaped button, horny beast face pattern.
Climbing a dragon on the flow, Longkou was drooling.
The style is gorgeous, and the layers of relief round carving are clear.
It is a rare boutique in Shang and Zhou Bronze.
Who is the owner of these utensils "Zeng Houzheng"?
Dragon pattern unearthed on the tomb of No. 28,
Act in the middle of the middle of the beast, and the round carved dragon pattern on both sides.
The senior aristocratic identity of "Zeng Houyu" is undoubted.
Archaeologists also found a "犺 犺 考 考 考 考 考" bronze 簋 in the tomb 111,
It shows that this puppet was made by Zeng Houyu for his father, Nan Gong.
Nan Gong is the Nangong Shi, which is very politically and military in the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty.
And Zeng Guo is Nangong Shi.
Today, the front line of Zaoyang, Hubei is located between Tongbai Mountain and Dahong Mountain, East of Hanshui.
Beitong Nanyang Basin, Nanlian Jianghan Plain,
Known as the "jujube corridor".
The Zhou Dynasty seized Zeng Guo’s division here,
As a strategic fulcrum to control southern copper ore resources and pass through the strategic Jianghan area.
Zeng Guo’s left after Zenghou Zenghou may be related to the failure of Zhao Wang Nanzheng.
With the continuous progress of archeology
Zaoyang Guojia Temple in Hubei, Jingshan Sujia Romans and other places
It was discovered by the Zeng Guo relics from the late Western and Zhou dynasties to the early spring and autumn.
The distribution of archeological relics of Zeng Guo,
From the late Western Zhou Dynasty to the early Spring and Autumn Period, Zeng Kingdom was vast.
The unearthed cultural relics of the Cemetery and the surrounding cities in Zaoyang reflect the reflection of the unearthed cultural relics
Zeng Guo has a strong national strength and developed culture.
Its cultural appearance is basically the same as the Central Plains.
During this period, Zeng Guozheng was consistent with the record of "the country of Handong" in "Zuo Zhuan".
In 2015, the gold and silver alloy tiger ornaments unearthed from the Cemetery of the Guoyang Guojia Temple (2 pieces),
The tiger body, foot, and tail are decorated with "S" shape.
There are 9 pairs of perforations on the tiger,
Show as a meter decoration.
Materials similar to gold and silver alloy are more common in ancient West Asia.
It can be seen that the advanced national metallurgical technology in the early Spring and Autumn Period.
The unearthed cultural relics display,
After the middle and late spring and autumn, with the expansion of the Chu State,
The territory of Zeng Guo is concentrated in Suizhou City.
Zeng Guo bronze wares unearthed from the Tomb of Chu, "Chu Wang Xiong Zhang 镈" in the tomb of Zeng Houyi
It has proved that Zeng Guo has become the allies of the Chu Kingdom at this time.
Archaeologists have carried out large -scale archeological work in the Tomb Group of Yidi Gang, Suizhou.
Discovered Wenfeng Pagoda, jujube forest cemeterland, etc.
Provide new clues for restoration of the history of Zeng Guo,
It proves that Zeng Guo is Suiguo,
It revealed the historical transformation process of Zeng Guo from "left and right" to "king of Chu".
This wrong golden cloud pattern is composed of two utensils,
Have the dual effects of ice wine and warm wine.
The body is full of the golden triangle hook connecting the cloud pattern and inlaid with turquoise,
The decorative style of this utensil is strict and tightly buckled,
The level of bronze casting and decorative technology, which reflects the highly developed bronze in the Warring States Period.
And its owner is Zeng Hou Bing, the owner of the tomb of No. 18 Wenfeng Tower, Zeng Hou Bing,
The next generation of Zeng Houyi,
It is also the last generation of monarchs discovered by Zeng Guo.
A group appeared at the Japanese auction in 2019
The bronze ritual of "Zeng Book Father" illegally out of my country.
The Chinese government immediately launched the chase of the loss of cultural relics.
With the joint efforts of diplomatic efforts and criminal investigations,
The bronze group of Zeng Bingfu finally returned to the arms of the motherland.
Zeng Bingfu bronze group,
It is my country in recent years in the international cultural relic market to successfully stop illegal transactions
The highest value of cross -border pursuit of cultural relics is implemented.
In October 2021, "Hundred Years of Archeological Discovery" was announced
Hubei Suizhou Zenghou Tomb Group is among them
From the perspective of Fang Qin, the dean of the Hubei Provincial Institute
The history of Zeng Guo was revealed by archeological work in nearly forty years.
Zeng Houda 15th, which is seen through archeological excavations
This is unique in the archeology of the Zhou Dynasty,
This system has found that the process of Zeng Guo’s history is greatly improved.
Filled the gaps in the lack of "Zeng" records in the two weeks of history.
From the cut of the vassal states from Zeng Guo,
Not only can you see the history of the Zhou Dynasty,
I also see the history of Chinese civilization,
This is also the significance of Zeng Guo’s archeology.
Planning: Hui Xiaoyong Yu Weiya Gaojie
Coordinating: Li Pengxiang Zhang Shuqi Qiao Yucheng
Reporter: Yu Yan Xiong Qi
Edit: Zhang Duo
Guidance unit: Central Internet Information Office Network Communication Bureau
Production unit: Xinhua News Agency New Media Center
Support unit: China Internet Development Foundation
Assistance: Hubei Provincial Museum