The second trimester refers to the stage of 28 weeks of pregnancy to before childbirth. This is a very important period, because the development and maturity of the fetus at this time are accelerating, and I have to prepare for the upcoming childbirth.During this period, I need to pay attention to the following matters:
1. Nutrition and diet
Nutrition and diet in the late pregnancy have a great impact on the growth and development of the fetus and my health.I need to ensure that sufficient high -quality protein, vitamins, minerals and water are consumed every day to meet the needs of the fetus and their own.I should eat more foods rich in iron, calcium, folic acid, iodine and other elements, such as meat, eggs, dairy products, soy products, green leafy vegetables, fruits, etc. to prevent problems such as anemia, diseased disease, neurotransidal deformities.I also pay attention to the appropriate control of salt and oil intake to avoid too greasy, spicy, and sweet foods to prevent complications such as edema, hypertension, and gestational diabetes.I also need to follow the principle of eating less meals to avoid eating or hungry at one time, so as not to cause indigestion or too little fetal movement.
Second, exercise and rest
Exercise and rest in late pregnancy help to promote the correct position of the fetus and my childbirth smoothly.I need to maintain moderate exercise, such as walking, yoga, Tai Chi, etc., to enhance physical strength, promote blood circulation, alleviate muscle tension and joint pain.I should avoid violent or dangerous exercise, such as running, jumping, climbing mountain climbing, etc., so as not to cause risk of fetal distress or premature birth.I should also pay attention to rest proper rest to ensure that there is enough sleep time every day, especially at night.I should choose a comfortable sleeping position, such as lying on the left or semi -lying position to reduce compression of uterus and fetus and improve breathing and blood supply.I also need to avoid standing or sitting for a long time to prevent the lower limb veins from forming or thrombosis.
Third, checkup and fetal movement
The post -pregnancy test and fetal movement are an important means to monitor the condition of the fetus and my health.I need to conduct a checkup on time, once every two weeks, once a week after 36 weeks.During the checkup, the doctor would check my weight, blood pressure, urine, palace height, abdominal circumference and other indicators, as well as the fetal heart rate, location, size and other conditions.If there are any abnormalities or discomfort, doctors or suspected signs of premature birth, I have to seek medical treatment or hospitalization in time.I also need to pay attention to the number and strength of the fetal movement every day. Generally speaking, the fetal movement in the second trimester should be more than 10 times a day. If there is a significant decrease or disappearance, I will immediately contact the doctor or go to the hospital for examination.
Fourth, childbirth and breastfeeding
Childbirth and breastfeeding in the second trimester are an important turning point for me and the fetus.I need to prepare for childbirth in advance, such as choosing the appropriate childbirth method, hospital, doctor, etc., and preparing to prepare for production packages, birth certificates, clothing and other items.I also need to learn some knowledge and skills of childbirth, such as breathing, massage, and childbirth, to reduce pain, promote contraction, and shorten the birth procedures.I also have to have confidence and courage, and believe that I can give birth to a healthy baby smoothly.After childbirth, I should start breastfeeding as soon as possible to promote uterine contraction, reduce bleeding, increase milk secretion, and enhance immunity.I also pay attention to keeping the breast cleaning and unobstructed, and avoid mastitis or milk stasis.
The above is my summary of the precautions in the later pregnancy, I hope to help you.The second trimester is a period of beautiful and hardships. I have to take good care of myself and the fetus and enjoy this special time.At the same time, we must also prepare for the psychology and material of the new life to bring more happiness and happiness to yourself and your family.