Do you have to avoid tumor patients?
What are the taboos in diet?
Should I be recuperating after surgery or exercise after surgery?
April 15th to 21st
It is the 29th National Tumor Prevention Propaganda Week
Various rumors and misunderstandings about tumors have emerged endlessly
Among them, the most related to diet and exercise
Answer one by one today
[Eat] What are the taboos in the diet of tumor patients?
1. Can I eat hair?
In the impression of many people, milk, eggs, chicken, pork, beef, lamb, dog meat, shrimp, crab and other foods are hair products, and tumor patients cannot eat. This statement is wrong.
What kind of food will be characterized by "hair products", which is not determined by food, but is determined by different diseases of different patients.For tumor patients, most of the above foods are animal meat, which are rich in high -quality protein and are good for improving the nutritional status of patients with tumor patients, so you must not be "cut".
2. Can eating less or not eating "hungry" dead tumor cells?
There are rumors: If you eat less or not, you can "hungry" dead tumor cells, which is very unscientific.
Most of the patients with tumor have malnutrition problems. If hunger strikes, they may not only accelerate the progress of the tumor, but also cause patients to be unable to resist subsequent tumor specialty treatment.
3. Is there any taboo?
Tumor patients have taboo foods, including the following categories:
Grapefruit fruits: Avoid it when taking targeting medicines.There is a beancin in the body of grapefruit fruits. This substance will affect the metabolism of the liver to targeted drugs, so that it cannot be discharged from the body in time.Drugs are left in the human blood system for a long time, which can easily cause serious side effects.
Royal jelly, bee jelly, bird’s nest, snow clam, Zihe car (placenta): breast cancer taboos.These foods contain sex hormones, and sex hormones are closely related to the occurrence of breast cancer. Therefore, patients with breast cancer should pay attention to avoid reducing consumption in daily diet.
Foods containing carcinogens: All patients are notars.Such as alcohol, cigarettes, processing meat, betel nut, mildew foods, etc.
4. Do you need health care products during treatment?
Common health products in life mainly include vitamins, minerals, plant extracts, probiotics, etc., but no kind of health products can independently treat cancer or prevent the occurrence and recurrence of cancer. Therefore, do not treat health products as a life -saving "God medicine.
Ensuring a comprehensive and balanced diet of nutrition is the key to treatment. Health products can only play the role of icing on the cake. Do not pick up sesame seeds and lose watermelon.
5. Can you drink more soup and eat less meat?
The answer is not.There are only a small part of the nutritional components of the food that will be dissolved into the soup, and it will also be affected by salt concentration and soup time. The main ingredients in the soup are fat, purine, vitamins and inorganic salts.
For tumor patients, if you only want to rely on soup to supplement nutrition, but discard the meat, it is likely to lead to the lack of protein and energy, which will cause or aggravate malnutrition.
Of course, for patients who can only enter the flow diet due to disease restrictions, they can drink soup in moderation according to the situation.
6. Can you eat fruits?
The answer is to eat.Although studies have shown that fructose in fruits can replace glucose to become a new energy for tumor cells, in fact, the proliferation of tumor cells not only consumes sugar, but also consumes a lot of other nutrients, such as amino acids, fat, trace nutrients.
The fruit sugar content in fruits is relatively low, and it contains a large amount of vitamins, dietary fiber and other nutrients. It is an irreplaceable food. Therefore, in 2017, the "Dietary Guidance of Patients for Patients for Patients" released by the National Health and Health Commission is recommended.200-300 grams of fruits.
But it should be noted that eating fruits is natural.The content of fruit juice and soft beverages with fine -processed fruit sugar is very high, and the content of other nutrients is low. Patients with tumor should be cautious.
7. Can you eat red meat?
Red meat generally refers to the meat of pigs, beef, sheep, etc., which are characterized by thick muscle fibers and high fat content, especially the high content of saturated fatty acids.Tumor patients usually have varying degrees of malnutrition, and they need sufficient calories, protein, and various trace elements to balance various diets to help enhance their resistance.
Therefore, patients can eat an appropriate amount of red meat, but it should be noted that tumor patients should try to eat fresh meat as much as possible, eat less or not smoke meat, bacon and other processing meat products.
8. Can I eat spicy?
Can be eaten appropriately.Spicy foods include green onions, ginger garlic, leek, pepper, pepper, pepper, cinnamon, star anise, cumin, ginger, etc.
Tumor patients often experience side effects such as stomatitis, dry mouth, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, dry skin pain, etc. due to the lapse of chemotherapy and chemotherapy. They should be light and rich in diet, but they do not have to be too taboo.
When the patient’s malnutrition and decreased appetite, if the patient’s gastrointestinal mucosa is not damaged, appropriate spicy foods can stimulate patients’ appetite, increase food intake and nutrient intake.
[Dynamic] Should patients with tumor be rest or exercise?
1. Will exercise consumption of physical fitness reduces immunity?
No, as long as you control the strength and time of exercise, exercise will not only consume physical fitness, but also helps the recovery of physical fitness. At the same time, it can improve the body’s immune function.
2. How to master the amount of exercise?
The intensity of exercise is based on the degree of fatigue after rest. The exercise should be step by step according to the physical condition, and gradually increase the amount of exercise and time, and adjust it flexibly.
In general, tumor patients are mainly moved.During the rehabilitation of tumor or treatment, everyone should exercise moderately according to their daily physical state, and do the strength of the body, so that the body sweats slightly, and consumes about 6 to 70 % of the physical strength.Therefore, there is no need to stipulate a specific amount, let alone make physical overdrafts, and even exercise to exhaustion.
When you feel very tired or tired, you should rest in time and do not exercise beyond your physical tolerance.Properly preserving physical strength can better follow subsequent anti -cancer treatment.
3. What exercise methods should I choose?
There are many ways to exercise. It is not limited to running, making equipment, walking slowly, Tai Chi, etc., and sometimes even buy food with your family, or do some of the housework, can also achieve the goal.
The key is to be with your family to achieve the joy of physical and mental exercise through moderate exercise.In this regard, it not only helps the rehabilitation of the tumor, but also the family and society that can better return.
4. What frequency and strength should I take to take?
Exercise has a certain effect on the rehabilitation of tumors, but it is not a day’s work. Only long -term persistence can receive the expected results.Due to the different situations of each person, you can consult the doctor for specific choices.In general:
Frequency exercise: 20 to 30 minutes each continuous exercise, 3 to 5 minutes in the middle of those with poor physical strength; 3 to 5 times a week;
Exercise method: Aerobic exercise is mainly, assisting in training with endurance and strength;
Exercise intensity: low intensity and medium strength should be suitable;
Recommended exercise: Quick walking, jogging, yoga, Tai Chi, aerobics, swimming, etc.
5. After surgery, should you not be able to rest?
This is not the case. Proper exercise after surgery can reduce the risk of thrombosis (lying for a long time after surgery, it is easy to occur); it can promote gastrointestinal function and improve appetite; actively perform functional exercise, which can minimize the damage caused by surgery to the minimum to minimize the damage caused; It is conducive to sputum; appropriate exercise can improve sleep, restore physical strength, etc.
6. During the period of replacement and chemotherapy, you are weak and cannot exercise?
Even during chemotherapy, proper exercise is still important.Exercise can improve the slow gastrointestinal motility and relieve the symptoms of digestive tract; conduct an appropriate amount of outdoor exercise, will not only increase the risk of infection, but also help enhance the body’s resistance; exercise can improve the completion rate of chemotherapy; exercise can also transfer patients with patients to patients.Attention, regulating emotions, and alleviating physical discomfort.
7. What are the requirements for the environment during exercise of tumor patients?
The first is to choose places with flat and open air and safety facilities, such as parks and gyms. Pay attention to avoid risk factors such as rain and uneven roads to prevent falling.
The second is that if there is a decline in immunity, try to avoid exercise in dense places in the crowd. Please wear a mask when going out to do your own protection and avoid cross -infection.
8. What are the cases that need to be stopped immediately?
Any discomfort should stop exercise and seek medical treatment in time, such as bleeding tendencies such as abnormal body temperature, subcutaneous ecchymosis, white blood cells lower than normal values, and recurrence of the condition.
Source: Health Times
Edit: Ou Guihuan
Responsible editor: Xiong Hongmei